Update 19.5 Gauntlets and Hand-to-Hand Weapons List
Weapons in brackets are Variations on that CQB, so there is a Furax, Furax Mk-1 and Furax Wraith.Fist
• Ankyros (Prime)
• Furax (MK1, Wraith)
• Hirudo (19.5 The Glast Gambit)
Mk.1 Weapons you can buy for Credits from the Marketplace and provide quick replacements.
Lot's of weapons require a Mastery Rank, but by leveling weapons you increase your Rank so this shouldn't be a problem, just make sure to Rank up regularly.
Prime Weapons require Void completion, often high level Survival/Defense 'Rotation C' drops. These are endgame. I use Primarch Prime Part Guide
Lots of weapons like Prisma, Vandal and Wraith Weapons are Limited Time exclusive weapons, some re-appear as Sortie or Week/end event rewards but some are gone, maybe for good. (Dex are Birthday weapons and they pop up once a year around April for free)
If you're just starting and want to finish off CQB, then just stick with the vanilla versions, most take 12 hours and very basic Materials.Check here for required Mastery Ranks
or the Marketplace.
.Leveling weapons to Rank 30
The best way to level weapons is to play Survival or Defense missions and kill lots of enemies, then extract for the bonus exp, you'll get lots of weapon mastery whilst unlocking all worlds, doing alerts, unlocking other achievements and just playing the game. Remember to always swap for you next weapon and have one ready to swap.
Lots of Dark Sectors have Affinity bonus (+Shotgun), use a Warframe that supports you but doesn't really kill enemies so you rely on your weapons, being in a group spawns more enemies for more exp.
Elara on Jupiter is a great mission for Affinity, as the anti-moas spawn early and often, and they give a fair amount of affinity around 7-9x the exp of grunts.