This appears to be an unmissable story related achievement.
During Mission 5 you will gain the ability to travel through time. as you make your way through, you will encounter a holographic representation of Anderson. after you encounter him for the first of several times, the achievement will pop.
BT will make a comment as you enter the room that he senses some sort of recording and that is the room this takes place in. As you have to travel through it anyways, it is impossible to miss.
EDIT: It has been brought to my attention that it is missable. If that is the case, one would need to be in the past to get the hologram to appear in the room.