Got this on my first attempt playing as USA.
First of all choose your landing site and prepare for your Dome
Domes require water, oxygen and power (I'd recommend a couple of wind turbines and some solar panels to keep power going).
Once built you need to bring over your colonist.
and choose Resupply
from the menu
Now select Passenger Rocket
The aim is to take just one person to Mars, this is indicated by the Matching Colonists
number on the right hand side.
I changed all of the categories to thumbs down using
I then changed the following to positive to get one colonist using
Age - Youth
Speciliasation - Botanist
Sex - Female
Flaws - I left this all thumbs down
Quirks - guru
With one Colonist in the Matching Colonist section press
If you have more than one play with the options above to get just one.
While the colonist was on the way I built living quarters and a farm.
When the colonist arrives land the ship near the dome and set them to work in the farm so they don't starve.
I sped the time up and just waited after 8 SOL's the message appears saying the colony is viable and the achievement popped.
Just make sure the colonist has food, power, water and air and you should get this easily.